Did you know you have an endocannabinoid system (ECS)? We all do! It’s a biological system that was discovered in the 1990’s by scientists researching the effects of cannabis on the brain and why it makes people feel euphoric or high. The endocannabinoid system helps regulate several important bodily functions, including sleep, mood, appetite, the immune system, memory and pain.
The endocannabinoid system is made up of fat-based neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors throughout the human body. While there are many different types of cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2 are the two most well known. Natural chemicals produced by the body interact with the ECS and interact with these receptors to regulate certain functions.
The Cannabis Sativa plant contains more than 100 cannabinoids, the chemical compounds that trigger cannabinoid receptors in the body. Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC and cannabidiol, or CBD, are the two most well known and best understood cannabinoids.
What happens when a person smokes marijuana is that THC, CBD and the other cannabinoids found in cannabis, flood the ECS and quickly attach to cannabinoid receptors throughout the brain and body. Essentially, the ECS enables our bodies to interact with and feel the effects of the cannabinoids, including THC and CBD.